What is Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)?
(Symptoms, Causes & Treatment)
According to The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is identified by a brief but widespread attack of inflammation in the brain and spinal cord that damages myelin (protective covering of nerve fibers). ADEM often follows viral or bacterial infections, or less often, vaccination for measles, mumps, or rubella.
The symptoms of ADEM appear rapidly, beginning with encephalitis-like symptoms such as fever, fatigue, headache, nausea and vomiting, and in the most severe cases, seizures and coma.
See below for updated news and information regarding Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis including new medical research, treatment options and advancements.
Latest Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis Treatment News and Research
Unusual disease that causes acute confusion may be underdiagnosed
(LOYOLA UNIVERSITY HEALTH SYSTEM) – An unusual disease called Susac syndrome, which can cause acute confusion and problems with hearing and eyesight, is rare but probably under reported, Loyola University Medical Center physicians report in the Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases.
Classical neurology textbooks do not list Susac syndrome as a possible diagnosis of acute confusional states. And Susac syndrome is often misdiagnosed early on as multiple sclerosis or a similar disorder called acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM).
Susac syndrome affects three times as many women as men, and has been seen in patients ranging in age from 9 to 72 years.
Susac syndrome was first described in 1979 by Dr. John Susac in the journal Neurology. It is believed to be an autoimmune disease, in which the immune system attacks endothelial cells that line blood vessels in the brain, inner ears and retinas. This causes the endothelial cells to swell up and partially or completely block blood flow to affected organs. Read more…
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