What is Anemia of Chronic Disease (ACD)?
(Symptoms, Causes & Treatment)
According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, Anemia of chronic disease (ACD) is anemia that is found in people with certain long-term (chronic) medical conditions that involve inflammation (anemia is a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells in the blood). ACD Diagnosis generally requires the presence of a chronic inflammatory condition, such as infection, autoimmune disease, kidney disease, or cancer. It is characterized by a microcytic or normocytic anemia and low reticulocyte count.
Numerous health conditions can lead to anemia of chronic disease including certain autoimmune disorders, cancer and some long- term infections. Worldwide, anemia of chronic disease is the 2nd most common anemia. Symptoms can include headache, feeling weak or tired, shortness of breath and paleness.
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