What is Arachnoiditis?
(Symptoms, Causes & Treatment)
According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Arachnoiditis refers to a pain disorder caused by the inflammation of the arachnoid (one of the membranes that surround and protect the nerves of the spinal cord). The arachnoid can become inflamed because of an irritation from chemicals, infection from bacteria or viruses, as the result of direct injury to the spine, chronic compression of spinal nerves, or complications from spinal surgery or other invasive spinal procedures. Inflammation can sometimes lead to the formation of scar tissue and adhesions, which cause the spinal nerves to “stick” together, which can interfere with the function of one or more of these nerves. This interference can lead to a number of symptoms, including numbness, tingling, and a characteristic stinging and burning pain in the lower back or legs. Some people with arachnoiditis will have debilitating muscle cramps, twitches, or spasms.
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