What is Epstein-Barr Virus? (Definition)
Epstein-Barr Virus – EBV (also referred to as human herpesvirus 4) is one of eight known viruses in the herpes family, and is one of the most common viruses in humans. Epstein-Barr Virus spreads most commonly through bodily fluids, primarily saliva. EBV can cause infectious mononucleosis as well as other illnesses. It has been associated with particular forms of cancer, such as Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Burkitt’s lymphoma, gastric cancer, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and conditions associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), such as hairy leukoplakia and central nervous system lymphomas.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, Symptoms of EBV infection can include:
- inflamed throat
- swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- enlarged spleen
- swollen liver
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