What is Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA)?
(Symptoms, Causes & Treatment)
According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a disorder or condition which causes inflammation of the arteries, usually located in the scalp, neck, and arms. GCA narrows the arteries, preventing blood from flowing mormally. Giant cell arteritis often occurs with another disorder called polymyalgia rheumatica. Both are more common in women than in men. They almost always affect people over the age of 50.
Early symptoms of giant cell arteritis resemble the flu: fatigue, loss of appetite, and fever. Other symptoms can include:
- Pain and tenderness over the temples
- Double vision or visual loss, dizziness
- Problems with coordination and balance
- Pain in your jaw and tongue
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