What is Megaloblastic Anemia?
(Symptoms, Causes & Treatment)
Megaloblastic anemia happens when your body produces unusually large, structurally abnormal, immature red blood cells (megaloblasts). Anemia is a condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells provide oxygen to body tissues. Megaloblastic anemia has several different causes – deficiencies of either cobalamin (vitamin B12) or folate (vitamin B9) are the two most common causes.
Megaloblastic anemia usually develops slowly and affected individuals may remain asymptomatic for many years. Symptoms common to anemia usually develop at some point and may include fatigue, paleness of the skin, shortness of breath, lightheadedness, dizziness and a fast or irregular heartbeat. The specific symptoms present in each individual can vary greatly.
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