What is Down Syndrome? (Definition)
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Down syndrome is a chromosomal condition that is associated with intellectual disability, a characteristic facial appearance, and weak muscle tone (hypotonia) in infancy. All affected individuals experience cognitive delays, but the intellectual disability is usually mild to moderate.
People with Down syndrome may have a variety of birth defects. About half of all affected children are born with a heart defect. Digestive abnormalities, such as a blockage of the intestine, are less common.
Individuals with Down syndrome have an increased risk of developing several medical conditions including gastroesophageal reflux and celiac disease.
See below for updated news and information regarding Down Syndrome including new research, treatments and advancements.
Latest Down Syndrome News